• Registration Year

    2003

  • Registered Sector

    Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaiso

  • Historical Function

    Maritime trade

  • Administrative Status

    Second city of importance in Chile

Location and site

The city of Valparaiso is located on central Chile’s Pacific coast. The historic quarter is located on the coastal plain and part way up the steep surrounding hills, where the city first developed. It is composed of five interlaced neighborhoods.

Urban Morphology

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late 19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheatre-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous ‘elevators’ on the steep hillsides.

The outstanding nature of the historic quarter of Valparaíso results from a combination of three factors, all associated with its role as a port: its particular geographical and topographical environment; its urban forms, layout, infrastructure and architecture; and its attraction to and influence by people from around the world. The character of Valparaíso was strongly marked by the geography of its location: the bay, the narrow coastal plains (largely artificial) and the steep hills scored by multiple ravines together created the city’s amphitheatre-like layout. Adaptation of the built environment to these difficult geographical conditions produced an innovative and creative urban ensemble that stressed the particularities of each architectural object, grounded in the technological and entrepreneurial mindset typical of the era. Consistent with its pre-eminence, the city was populated and influenced by people from around the world. The urban fabric and cultural identity of Valparaíso are thus distinguished by a diversity that sets it apart from other Latin American cities. From an urban perspective, the result of this challenging geography, modernizing impulse and intercultural dialogue is a fully original American city with the stamp of the late 19th century upon it.

Registration Criteria

Criterion (iii): Valparaíso is an exceptional testimony to the early phase of globalization in the late 19th century, when it became the leading commercial port on the sea routes of the Pacific coast of South America.

Historical Reference

Located on central Chile’s Pacific coast, the Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso represents an extraordinary example of industrial-age heritage associated with the international sea trade of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The city was the first and most important merchant port on the sea routes of the Pacific coast of South America that linked the Atlantic and Pacific oceans via the Strait of Magellan. It had a major commercial impact on its region from the 1880s until the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. After this date its development slowed, allowing its harbor and distinctive urban fabric to survive as an exceptional testimony to the early phase of globalization.

Sr. Jorge Sharp
Alcalde
Ayuntamiento de Valparaíso
Condell 1490
Valparaíso, Chile
Tel:
+ 56 (0)-32-2939230 ou +56-32-2939229
Fax:
+56.(0)32 93.92.31
Email:
alcalde.sharp@munivalpo.cl
Sr. Sebastian Balbontin Bustamante
Asuntos internacionales
Municipalidad de Valparaíso

Valparaíso, Chile
Tel:
+56322939269
Fax:

Email:
sebastian.balbontin@munivalpo.cl
Sr. Carlos Andres Oyarzun Leiton
Jefe de relaciones públicas
Municipalidad de Valparaíso

Valparaíso, Chile
Tel:
+56322939597
Fax:

Email:
coyarzun@munivalpo.cl
Sra. María José Larrondo Pulgar
Encargada de la Dirección de Gestión Patrimonial
Municipalidad de Valparaíso

Valparaíso, Chile
Tel:
+56 32 293 9217
Fax:

Email:
mariajose.larrondo@munivalpo.cl
Sra. Alejandra Mendez Mendez
Diseñadora
Dirección de Gestión Patrimonial Encargada Identidad Cultural
Condell 1490
Valparaíso, Chile
Tel:
+56322939252
Fax:

Email:
amendez@munivalpo.cl
Valparaíso: Ascensor Concepción
Valparaíso: Ascensor Concepción
Valparaíso: Arco Británico, Avenida Brasil
Valparaíso: Ascensor Artillería
Valparaíso: Atrio La Matriz
Valparaíso: Atrio de la Iglesia la Matriz
Valparaíso: Ascensor Polanco
Valparaíso: Ascensor Polanco
Valparaíso: Cementerio de Disientes, Cerro Panteón 1
alparaíso: Cementerio de Disientes 2
Valparaíso: Cerro Alegre , Calle Almirante Montt
Valparaíso: Carnavales Culturales 5
Valparaíso: Cerro Alegre, Calle San Enrique
Valparaíso: Cerro Bellavista
Valparaíso: Cementerio de Disidentes 1
Valparaíso: Cerro Concepción
Valparaíso: Caleta El Membrillo 2
Valparaíso: Caleta El Membrillo 3
Valparaíso: Calle Marquez
Valparaíso: Barrio Universitario Playa Ancha
Valparaíso: Café Vinilo, Cerro  Alegre, Calle Alimirante Montt
Valparaíso: Aavenida Altamirano ALTAMIRANO
Valparaíso: Carnavales Culturales 3
Valparaíso: Caleta El Membrillo
Valparaíso: Carnavales Culturales 2
Valparaíso: Biblioteca Santiago Severin
Valparaíso: Carnavales Culurales 1
Valparaíso: Carnavales Culturales 4
Valparaíso: Iglesia San Francisco, Cerro Baron
Valparaíso: Iglesia Corazón d María, Calle Uruguay
Valparaíso: Fiesta de los Mil Tambores
Valparaíso: Cruceros 2
Valparaíso: Cruceros 1
Valparaíso: Primera Zona Naval, Calle Serrano
Valparaíso: Restaurant Victoria, Calle Salvador Donoso
Valparaíso: Vista desde la Playa Ancha
Valparaíso: Vista a la Bahía desde el Mirador Baron
Valparaíso: Paseo 21 e Mayo
Valparaíso: Mirador Atkinson 1
Valparaíso: Museo Barburizza, Cerro Alegre
Valparaíso: Paseo
Valparaíso: Mirador Atkinson 2
Valparaíso: Plaza Echaurren
Valparaíso: Plaza Sotomayor SOTOMAYOR
Valparaíso: Paseo Atkinson 3
Valparaíso: Plaza Anibal Pinto