Puebla, Mexico

General Information

Administrative status

Capital of the State of Puebla.

Historic Center of Puebla

Registration Year


Historical function

Politics and industry.

Location and site

Between the two ranges of the Sierra Madre, not far from volcanic summits, Puebla is situated in a high fertile valley at 2,000 m. above sea level. Southeast of Mexico, it was on the route that connected the capital to the port of Vera Cruz, close to the pre-Hispanic city of Cholula.

Urban morphology

Puebla extends through the Cuetlaxcoapan Valley as a rectilinear grid made up of relatively wide streets. While most of the major arteries follow the regular orientation of the plan, one main street, the “Diagonale de los Defensores de la Republica,” crosses the city on a diagonal. Puebla’s Zocalo, the central esplanade of the historic area, is considered one of the great achievements of colonial urban planning.

Puebla is a large city with several sumptuous 18th-century Baroque churches and a number of convents. Its colonial architecture is famous for its colourful glazes (azulejos). This material, which is used for the cupolas of the churches and the walls of the dwellings alike, ensures the unity of the architectural landscape.

Registration criteria

Within an intact urban grid, the historical centre comprises major religious buildings as well as palaces and a host of dwellings with azulejo wall covering. While the 19th-century transformations modified the urban landscape and implied the closure of a number of convents, they also provided Puebla with a civic and domestic architecture of the highest quality. (IV) From the 19th century on, Puebla’s influence was due to the high architectural quality of this new city. (II)

Historical reference

  • The colonial site of Puebla played a major role in the history of New Spain and Mexico. Its urban design, which dates to the 16th century and was inspired by the Renaissance, influenced the development of other cities in the New World.
  • In 1539 Puebla became the Episcopal See and then experienced rapid development. By the 17th century, it had supplanted Cholula, which was 12 km. away.
  • After enjoying prosperity in the 18th century, Puebla became the site of a series of confrontations in the 19th century. In particular, it was the site of most of the popular struggles related to the establishment of Independent Mexico and the revolutionary movement of 1910.
  • In 1862, the French expeditionary force was defeated by the Mexicans in Puebla; this feat is celebrated on Mexico’s National Day. Following the Reform laws of 1857, and especially after 1880, the city underwent development, including the construction of new parks and avenues which, since 1950, have enjoyed spectacular growth in all four directions.


More information about Puebla here!  




Sra. Claudia Rivera Vivanco

Presidenta Municipal
Ayuntamiento de Puebla

Juan de Palafox y Mendoza 14 Col. Centro de la Ciudad de Puebla
Puebla, México
C.P. 72000

01 (222) 309 43 00 Ext. 261

Sr. Eduardo Peniche García

Secretario de Desarrollo Económico
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

Avenida Reforma No.113 Primer Piso Col. Centro
Puebla, México

01 (222) 3094600 ext. 6996

Sr. Ollin Rivera Moreno

Director de Relaciones Públicas e Internacionales
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

Av. Juan de Palafox y Mendoza No. 14, Centro Histórico
Puebla, México

01 (222) 309 43 00 Ext. 111

Sra. Marta Teresa Ornelas Guerrero

Regidor, Presidente de la Comisión de Turismo, Arte y Cultura
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

4 Oriente No. 11, Col. Centro
Puebla, México

01 (222) 309 48 00 Ext. 5532

Sra. Lirio Azhalia González Luna

Secretaria de Turismo Municipal
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

Avenida Reforma No.113 Cuarto Piso Col. Centro
Puebla, México

01 (222) 309 46 00 ext. 5986

Sra. Lilia Antonia Martínez Y Torres

Gerente del Centro Histórico y Patrimonio Cultural
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

Calle Tlaxcala No. 47, 2do. Piso, Col. San Rafael Oriente
Puebla, México

3 09 46 00 ext. 6030

Sra. Vanya Ponce Valerio

Jefa de departamento
Dirección de inventario de monumentos y regulación de áreas patrimoniales

Ayuntamiento de Puebla
Puebla, México


Sr. Jorge Eduardo Covián Carrizales

Regidor, Presidente de la Comisión de Centro Histórico
H. Ayuntamiento de Puebla

4 Oriente No. 11, Col. Centro
Puebla, México

01 (222) 309 48 00 Ext. 5503