Quito, Ecuador

General Information

Regional secretariat

None

Administrative status

National capital and chief city of the Province of Pichincha.

City of Quito

Registration Year

1978

Historical reference

Politics and culture.

Location and site

Quito, located at about 2,800 m. above sea level, on two flanks of the Pichincha Volcano, is in the midst of the Andean landscape.

Urban morphology

The historic area of Quito is 348 hectares in area. Its planners, who were well acquainted with the Andean world, succeeded in laying out the streets on its complex topography according to the “Law of the Indies,” with blocks measuring 84 m. x 84 m., a central square at the heart of the city and a few secondary squares in carefully selected locations.

The regularity of Quito’s plan accentuated the contrast between its monumental and domestic architecture. The central square is bordered by the Government Palace, the Municipal Palace, the Bishop’s Palace and the Cathedral, and other religious buildings of the 16th to 18th centuries are spread throughout the city. The colonial dwellings, often constructed of adobe with sober whitewashed facades, are built around patios.

Registration criteria

Since the 16th century, Quito has been the home of a powerfully original form of Baroque art that evoked both European influences (the mudejar tradition, the Gothic tradition, Mannerism) and Indian traditions. The Franciscans played a major role in the creation of this art. The Baroque of Quito exercised a profound influence on the evolution of forms in Latin America during the 17th and 18th centuries. (II) The urban ensemble of Quito is an eminent example of the colonial Spanish city of the 16th century. (IV)

Historical reference

  • Up until the time of the Spanish Conquest in 1532, the territory known as Equador today was part of the Great Inca Empire, known as Tahuantinsuyu. The city of San Francisco de Quito was founded on the ruins of the northern capital of this empire, established a century before this time, although the occupation of the site dates to much earlier.
  • As the capital of the province of Pinincha and the Episcopal See, San Francisco de Quito became the seat of royal audiences in 1563; this gave it political power over the other cities and villages under its protection. By the end of the 16th century, Quito was a crossroads for artistic influences and its art school was created. The layout of the city, which dates to that period, has been maintained to this day.
  • A precursor of other South American colonies, Quito proclaimed its independence in 1809. Until 1830, it was incorporated, along with Venezuela, into Great Columbia, and served as capital of its southern region.
  • The city has since expanded beyond the limits of its 19th- century colonial nucleus.

Photos

News


Contact

Sr. Mauricio Rodas Espinel

Alcalde Metropolitano de Quito
Municipio del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito

Venezuela y Chile Palacio Municipal
Quito, Ecuador
170401

+593.2 3952300
alcaldiaquito1@gmail.com

Sra. Adriana Rodríguez Vizcaíno

Responsable de las Relaciones Internacionales
Instituto Metropolitano de Patrimonio

García Moreno N8 – 27 y Manabí
Quito, Ecuador
170401

593 3 996300
adriana.rodriguez@quito.gob.ec

Sr. Cristian Espinosa

Director de Relaciones Internacionales
Municipio del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito

Venezuela N5-10 y Chile, Edificio Pérez Pallares, Segundo Piso
Quito, Ecuador
170401

(593-2) 3952300 ext. 13522
cristian.espinosa@quito.gob.ec

Sra. Maria Fernanda Acosta Silva

Coordinadora Institucional
Instituto Metropolitano de Patrimonio

García Moreno N8-27 y Chile
Quito, Ecuador
170401

fernanda.acosta@fmcquito.gob.ec

Sra. Arq. Angélica Arias Benavides

Directora Ejecutiva
Instituto Metropolitano de Patrimonio

García Moreno N8 – 27 y Manabí
Quito, Ecuador
170401

593 3 996300
angelica.arias@quito.gob.ec