Aranjuez, Spain

General Information

Regional secretariat

Administrative status

City of the Community of Madrid

Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

Registration Year

2001

Historical function

Landscape architecture and multiculturalism

Location and site

The Aranjuez cultural landscape is an entity of complex relationships: between nature and human activity, between sinuous watercourses and geometric landscape design, between the rural and the urban, between forest landscape and the delicately modulated architecture of its palatial buildings. Three hundred years of royal attention to the development and care of this landscape have seen it express an evolution of concepts from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics such as those found in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the urban lifestyle which developed alongside the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding during the Age of Enlightenment.

Urban Morphology

The Aranjuez Cultural Landscape is a singular entity of complex and historic relationships between nature and human activity, the sinuous watercourses of the rivers and the geometrical design of the landscape, urban and rural life, and between the forest wildlife and the refined architecture. The Tagus and Jarama rivers are the two main arteries of the Aranjuez Cultural Landscape, an extensive area (2,047.56 ha) in the south of the Autonomous Community of Madrid. The surrounding buffer zone is located within the municipal boundaries of Aranjuez (16,604.56 ha).

The property comprises diverse elements that make up the different zones: historic vegetable gardens, tree-lined avenues and groves (Legamarejo, Picotajo, El Rebollo), the Palace and ornamental gardens (the Prince’s, the Island, the Parterre, the King’s and Isabella II’s gardens) and the 18th century historic town centre. The conceptual combination of these zones creates a series of landscapes that, together, comprise the Aranjuez Cultural Landscape. These include the water landscape (rivers, ponds, dams and ditches), the agricultural landscape (orchards and nurseries, stock-breeding farms, and meadows), the delectable landscape for leisure (ornamental gardens), the ordered landscape (the geometry of the streets and squares that shape the natural terrain), and the constructed landscape (the palace, the planned town, the roads, and agricultural buildings).

Registration Criteria

Criterion (ii): Aranjuez represents the coming together of diverse cultural influences to create a cultural landscape that had a formative influence on further developments in this field.

Criterion (iv): The complex designed cultural landscape of Aranjuez, derived from a variety of sources, marks a seminal stage in the development of landscape design.

Historical Reference

Aranjuez bears witness to various cultural exchanges over a span of time that had a significant influence in the development of its landmarks and the creation of its landscape, thereby becoming a model for its culture’s use of its territory. The process of transformation dates back to the reign of Philip II when, with the influence of the Crown and the wealth of nature as the determining elements, Aranjuez was established as a Real Sitio (Royal Site) in the sixteenth century. The Royal Commands of Ferdinand VI, Charles II, and Isabella II marked its evolution in the 18th and 19th centuries. This landscape survived during the 20th century when it was opened for the enjoyment of the public.

Photos

News

22 March 2017


Young Ambassadors of World Heritage

Aranjuez, Spain

27 February 2017


First Meeting of Young Ambassadors

Aranjuez, Spain

Southern Europe and Mediterranean

24 February 2015


2nd Exposure Photography Competition Youth of the World Heritage Cities

Aranjuez, Spain

Southern Europe and Mediterranean

5 August 2014


Seminar “Regulations on the cultural heritage today: The City in the Landscape”

Aranjuez, Spain

Southern Europe and Mediterranean


Contact

Dña Cristina Moreno Moreno

Alcaldesa de Aranjuez
Ayuntamiento del Real Sitio y Villa de Aranjuez

Plaza de la Constitución, s/n
Aranjuez, España

+34.91 809.0363
alcaldesa@aranjuez.es

Dña. María Del Pozo López

Directora
Fundación Aranjuez Paisaje Cultural

C/ Capitán, 39
Aranjuez, España

+34 91 8924386 ext. 1417
mdelpozo@aranjuez.es

Sr. David Estrada Ballesteros

Primer Teniente de Alcalde. Delegado de Patrimonio Histórico
Ayuntamiento de Aranjuez

Plaza de la Constitución s/n
Aranjuez, España

+34 91 8090363
destrada@aranjuez.es