Fortified city on the Adriatic coast of Montenegro
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor
Artistic and commercial
Location and site
The Natural and Culture-Historical Region of Kotor is located in the Boka Kotorska Bay, on the Adriatic coast of Montenegro.
At the heart of its mountainous landscape, the small city of Kotor, with its narrow, sinuous streets, maintains traces of the Middle Ages despite the disastrous earthquakes it suffered since that time.
In addition to the wall and gates that constituted the first monument of the settlement, a large number of Roman-Byzantine, Gothic and Renaissance constructions (the cathedral, churches, the palace) testify to the medieval past that has traces of both Rome and Byzantium, as well as of the Balkans and Western Europe.
Criterion (i): It is the gathering on the gulf coast of the monuments of the cities, their harmony with the landscape, and their insertion in town planning of great value that contributes to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.
Criterion (ii): As the main bridge-heads of Venice on the South coast of the Adriatic, the aristocratic cities of captains and ship-owners of Kotor and its neighbours were the heart of the region’s creative movement for many centuries. Its art, goldsmith and architecture schools had a profound and durable influence on the arts of the Adriatic coast.
Criterion (iii): The successful harmonization of these cities with the Gulf, their quantity, quality and diversity of the monuments and cultural properties, and especially the exceptional authenticity of their conservation, mean that the property can effectively be considered as unique.
Criterion (iv): Kotor and Perast are highly characteristic and authentically preserved small cities enhanced by architecture of great quality. Their town-planning is well adapted to and integrated in the landscape.
Kotor has a rich cultural and historic heritage, and it is one of the best-preserved medieval towns in this part of the Mediterranean.
The rich history of Kotor comes from the cultural heritage of the city, marked by the different eras and leaders of the previous centuries.
Kotor was founded by the ancient Romans as Acruvium. In the 10th century, it was an autonomous city ruled from Byzantium, and from 1186 to 1371 it was a free city of medieval Serbia.
It was Venetian and Hungarian for brief periods, an independent republic from 1395 to 1420, and Venetian again until 1797. The town suffered periodic damage from Turkish assaults and earthquakes. Between 1807 and 1814 it was occupied by France. The French period was followed by Austrian domination until 1918 when Slav sailors in the Austro-Hungarian navy mutinied at Kotor and the town was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (from 1929 to 2003 Yugoslavia). Today, Kotor is a part of Montenegro, which became independent in 2006.Know more about Kotor
Mr. Vladimir Jokić
Municipality of Kotor
Stari grad 317