Bamberg, Germany

General Information

Regional secretariat

Administrative status

Chief city of the District of Bamberg in the Upper Franconia region

Town of Bamberg

Registration Year


Historical function

Imperial city and trade center

Location and site

Located in Bavaria, Bamberg is 50 km. north of Nuremberg and 3 km. from the confluence of the Regnitz and Main Rivers. The city spreads out over a series of hills and into the valley, occupying the banks of the river and the island that separates its two branches.

Urban morphology

The city of Bamberg, part of which is surrounded by fortifications, is composed of three centers: the hills of Bergstadt (11th century) are dominated by the cathedral; the island of Inselstadt (12th century) is the marketplace; and the south bank of the river, known as Theuerstadt (Middle Ages), includes the market garden. A church marks each extremity of the cruciform plan which was laid out soon after the city’s foundation.

The monuments of Bamberg are of great artistic importance. Its cathedral, which possesses both Romanesque and Gothic features, illustrates a revival as well as an acceptance of the architectural and sculptural art of the cathedrals of Laon and Rheims. Its Gothic architecture influenced northern Germany and Hungary, and Bohemia would be influenced by its Baroque monuments.

Registration criteria

Criterion (ii): the layout and architecture of the Bamberg quarters dating to the Middle Ages and Renaissance has exerted a considerable influence on urban form and its evolution in Central Europe from the 11th century.

Criterion (iv): Bamberg is a remarkable and representative example of a city of the early Middle Ages in Central Europe because of both its plan and the large number of religious and secular buildings that it has conserved.

Historical reference

  • In the 9th century, Bamberg was the residence of the counts of Babenberg. This was a period of dismemberment for the Carolingian Empire and a time of power struggles within the Kingdom of Germania.
  • The bishop’s palace was established at Bamberg in 1007 by Henry II, the Duke of Bavaria and Germanic Emperor from 1002 until 1024; this served political and religious purposes that were European in magnitude. At this time, Bamberg attained the status of a city. Several abbeys and churches were constructed. The city developed according to a cruciform model.
  • In the 12th and 13th centuries, Bamberg developed under the authority of the Prince-Bishops. The magnificent restoration of its cathedral, which was erected in 1007, reflected its commercial prosperity.
  • At the end of the Middle Ages, Bamberg’s economic and artistic importance had not diminished. Its port served as the point of departure for transport along the Main River. Dissension existed between the burghers and the princes, and the city evolved around several nodes.
  • The cultural and artistic activity was intense at the end of the 17th century and during the 18th century. The influence of the Enlightenment spread to the south of the country at the end of the 18th century. Numerous Baroque monuments were constructed; these included religious buildings (such as Saint Martin’s Church) and, especially, civic buildings (including the New Residence and the city hall).
  • In 1803, Bamberg became part of Bavaria and its intellectual life flourished.




21 May 2021

Bamberg issues World Heritage Management Plan

Bamberg, Germany

Northwest Europe and North America

14 December 2020

Virtual tour through Bamberg‘s Visitor Center

Bamberg, Germany

Northwest Europe and North America

2 November 2020

PANORAMA | Solutions for a healthy planet

Bamberg, Germany

Northwest Europe and North America

21 September 2020

Bamberg becomes „Smart City“

Bamberg, Germany

Northwest Europe and North America

8 September 2020

Bamberg greets the global World Heritage family

Bamberg, Germany

Northwest Europe and North America

Solidarity Day


Mr. Andreas Starke

City of Bamberg

Rathaus Maxplatz
Bamberg, Germany

+49.951 87.10.00
[email protected]

Mr. Michael Ilk

Councillor For Builduig Affairs
Baureferat der Stadt Bamberg

Postfach 110215 Untere Sandstrasse 34Untere Sandstrasse 34
Bamberg, Germany

+49.951 87.16.00
[email protected]