Salzburg, Austria

General Information

Regional secretariat

Administrative status

Capital of the province of Salzburg.

Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg

Registration Year

1996

Historical reference

Religious, university, industrial and artistic.

Location and site

In the heart of Europe, Salzburg is at the narrowest point of the Salzach Valley, protected by the Mönchsberg, Festungsberg and Kapuzinerberg Alpine peaks. Near the Salzkammergut saltworks, the gold mines, silver mines, and other mines, it was also at the junction of three Roman roads.

Urban morphology

The urban tissue in the ecclesiastical district differs from that in the burghers’ district. The former is spread out over a large area of the left bank and opens out at regular intervals into large squares, while the latter, in tight blocks, is only relieved by three market squares. All are dotted with fountains, gardens, statues and groups of sculptures, and several bridges connect the two banks. The Hohensalzburg Fortress, 120 m high, still dominates Salzburg.

The steeples, domes and belltowers are prominent in the town’s architectural skyline. Beautified and enriched over and over again, the town is a harmonious blend of styles: Roman, Gothic, Italian Renaissance, and above all, Baroque. The façades of the simplest stone dwellings contrast sharply with the architectural extravagance of the Archbishop-Princes in the ecclesiastical district. At the heart of the whole city is the seventeenth century Baroque cathedral.

Registration criteria

ii, iv and vi to be completed.

Historical reference

  • The Roman town of Juvavum (built in Municipium in 15 AD) was established on the exact site of the future town of Salzburg, and spread over both banks of the River Salzach.
  • On the left bank, at the foot of Mönchsberg, the episcopal seat originated with religious institutions dating from the end of seventh century. A duke’s palace was built between the ecclesiastical district and the river. The town took shape betwween the palace and the river. Illuminated manuscripts reveal the town’s intellectual and artistic development.
  • Salzburg was built as an archbishopric (ninth century). The Hohensalzburg Fortress (1077) symbolizes its episcopal prestige; the new fortifications were of solid rock.
  • The Archbishops were raised to the status of Princes of the Holy Empire (thirteenth century). The prosperity of the diocese depended on the saltmines and mineral deposits.
  • The town filled up with monuments (fourteenth to eighteenth centuries). In the sixteenth century, Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau transformed the town, opening up vistas and building palaces. Great artists lived and worked in Salzburg, and it enjoyed a Baroque renaissance.
  • The seventeenth century saw the dawn of the Enlightenment, and the founding of the University of Salzburg. Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756.
  • In 1803 the Napoleonic Wars put an end to the power of the Archbishops.

Photos

News

27 October 2017


City of Salzburg publishes new Booklet “Stories behind History”

Salzburg, Austria

Northwest Europe and North America

14 June 2017


Salzburg school project on UNESCO World Heritage

Salzburg, Austria

Northwest Europe and North America

1 March 2017


Meeting in Salzburg

Salzburg, Austria

10 October 2016


Salzburg edits 4th edition of the World Heritage Booklets

Salzburg, Austria

Northwest Europe and North America

30 May 2016


Salzburg presents #3 edition of its Burgher houses booklets

Salzburg, Austria

Northwest Europe and North America

31 March 2016


New edition of Salzburg “Burgher House Stories” published

Salzburg, Austria

Northwest Europe and North America


Contact

Dipl.-Ing. Harald Preuner

Mayor
City of Salzburg

Schloß Mirabell Mirabellplatz 4
Salzburg, Austria

+43 (0) 662 8072 2100
buergermeister@stadt-salzburg.at

Mr. Alexander Würfl

World Heritage Manager
City of Salzburg

Auerspergstraße 7
Salzburg, Austria

+43 (0) 662 8072-3320
alexander.wuerfl@stadt-salzburg.at

Ms. Silvia Irnleitner

Unit 6/04 Old Town Preservation, Expert Service, Site Protection
Office of the Salzburg Provincial Government

Office of the Salzburg Provincial Government Michael-Pacher-Straße 36, 2nd floor, room 2024, 5020 Salzburg
Salzburg, Austria

+43 (0)662 8042-3210
silvia.irnleitner@sbg.gv.at