• Registration Year


  • Registered Sector

    Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)

  • Historical Function


  • Administrative Status

    City in the province of Essaouira

Location and site

Essaouira is an exceptional example of a late-18th-century fortified town, built according to the principles of contemporary European military architecture in a North African context. Since its foundation, it has been a major international trading seaport, linking Morocco and its Saharan hinterland with Europe and the rest of the world.

Registration Criteria

Criterion (ii): Essaouira is an outstanding and well preserved example of a mid-18th century fortified seaport town, with a strong European influence translated to a North African context.

Criterion (iv): With the opening of Morocco to the rest of the world at the end of the 17th century, the Medina of Essaouira was laid out by a French architect who had been profoundly influenced by the work of the military engineer Vauban at Saint Malo.  For the most part, it has retained its appearance of a European town.

M. Hicham Jbari
Président du Conseil de la ville d'Essaouira
Municipalité d'Essaouira

Essaouira, Maroc