• Registration Year


  • Registered Sector

    Historic Center of Puebla

  • Historical Function

    Politics and industry.

  • Administrative Status

    Capital of the State of Puebla.

Location and site

Between the two ranges of the Sierra Madre, not far from volcanic summits, Puebla is situated in a high fertile valley at 2,000 m. above sea level. Southeast of Mexico, it was on the route that connected the capital to the port of Vera Cruz, close to the pre-Hispanic city of Cholula.

Urban Morphology

Puebla extends through the Cuetlaxcoapan Valley as a rectilinear grid made up of relatively wide streets. While most of the major arteries follow the regular orientation of the plan, one main street, the "Diagonale de los Defensores de la Republica," crosses the city on a diagonal. Puebla's Zocalo, the central esplanade of the historic area, is considered one of the great achievements of colonial urban planning.

Puebla is a large city with several sumptuous 18th-century Baroque churches and a number of convents. Its colonial architecture is famous for its colourful glazes (azulejos). This material, which is used for the cupolas of the churches and the walls of the dwellings alike, ensures the unity of the architectural landscape.

Registration Criteria

Within an intact urban grid, the historical centre comprises major religious buildings as well as palaces and a host of dwellings with azulejo wall covering. While the 19th-century transformations modified the urban landscape and implied the closure of a number of convents, they also provided Puebla with a civic and domestic architecture of the highest quality. (IV) From the 19th century on, Puebla's influence was due to the high architectural quality of this new city. (II)

Historical Reference

  • The colonial site of Puebla played a major role in the history of New Spain and Mexico. Its urban design, which dates to the 16th century and was inspired by the Renaissance, influenced the development of other cities in the New World.
  • In 1539 Puebla became the Episcopal See and then experienced rapid development. By the 17th century, it had supplanted Cholula, which was 12 km. away.
  • After enjoying prosperity in the 18th century, Puebla became the site of a series of confrontations in the 19th century. In particular, it was the site of most of the popular struggles related to the establishment of Independent Mexico and the revolutionary movement of 1910.
  • In 1862, the French expeditionary force was defeated by the Mexicans in Puebla; this feat is celebrated on Mexico's National Day. Following the Reform laws of 1857, and especially after 1880, the city underwent development, including the construction of new parks and avenues which, since 1950, have enjoyed spectacular growth in all four directions.


More information about Puebla here!  

José Antonio Gali Fayad

Mayor of Puebla

Maestro Luis Banck Serrato
Presidente Municipal
Municipio de Puebla
Juan de Palafox y Mendoza 14 Col. Centro de la Ciudad de Puebla
Puebla, México
C.P. 72000
Sra. Natalia Andrade
Directora de Asuntos Internacionales
Ayuntamiento de Puebla
8 Oriente 1012, Barrio del Alto
Puebla, Puebla, México
C.P. 72000
(222) 309 46 00 Ext. 7055

Sra. Miriam Mozo Rodríguez
Presidenta de la Comisión de Turismo Arte y Cultura
Gobierno Municipal de Puebla
4 Oriente No. 11, Col. Centro C.P. 72000
Puebla, Puebla, México
+52-222-309.48.00 ext 241 y 243

Lic. Pedro Ocejo Tarno
Secretario de Desarrollo Económico y Turismo
Ayuntamiento de Puebla
8 Ote 1012 Interior Paseo de San Francisco, Barrio del Alto
Puebla, Puebla, México
4045150 ext 7064, 7055

Puebla: Detalle de la Catedral
Puebla: Iglesia de la Santisima Trinidad
Puebla: Catedral
Puebla: Angeles de la Catedral
Puebla: Interior Capilla del Rosario
Puebla: San Andrés Cholula
Puebla: Iglesia de San Francisco
Puebla: La Compañia de Jesus
Puebla: Iglesia de la Santisima Trinidad
Puebla: Edificio Coatepec
Biblioteca Palafoxiana
Capilla del Rosario
Capilla del Rosario
Casa de alfeñique fachada
Catedral Panoramica Nocturna
Cocina de Santa Mónica
Cocina de santa Rosa
Cocina de santa Rosa
Convento de Santa Clara
Iglesia de la Soledad Interior
Iglesia de Santo Domingo Nave
Iglesia Sto Domingo
Iglesia Sto Domingo
La Compañia
Museo Amparo cocina
Museo Amparo Terraza
Palacio Municipal Salón de Cabildo
Palafoxiana con entrada
Panoramica Catedral a Fuertes
Panoramica Fuertes Catedral
Salón de Cabildo
San Cristobal
San Francisco
San Marcos
Teatro principal
Templo San Jose