Mayor of Granada
Don José Torres Hurtado
Location and site
- The erection, in the 8th century, of an Arab fortress on the site of the present-day Saint Nicholas Square marked the beginning of Granada's Moorish period.
- The decline of the caliphate of Córdoba between 1002 and 1031 led to the establishment of small independent Muslim states, including the Kingdom of Granada, founded by the Zirid Dynasty, which ruled from 1010 until 1090. Within this political framework, the city of Granada emerged and continued the artistic work of the caliphs.
- The kingdom was ruled by two Berber dynasties, the Almoravids and the Almohads, until the Nasrids came to power in 1236. Mohammed I, the founder of the Nasrid Dynasty, undertook the construction of the Alhambra in 1238. As an important centre of culture, the city provided a flourishing artistic environment.
- The Kingdom of Granada was the last refuge for Iberian Islam after the Christian victory of Las Navas of Tolosa in 1212; this was a turning point of the Reconquest.
- The takeover of Granada by the Catholic kings in 1492 put an end to the Nasrid reign and to the Muslim domination of Spain. Granada's new rulers constructed palaces, religious buildings and other monuments. In the 16th century, Diego de Siloé, a pioneer of Plateresque architecture, enriched the city's artistic landscape by building a cathedral, the Patio de la Chancilleria, and numerous portals.
From the summit of its wooded hill, the Alhambra rises about 150 m. above the city. The Alhambra and the medieval Albayzìn Quarter, which was constructed opposite it, make up a coherent ensemble. Their configuration reflects the Hispano-Moorish past of the city. The monuments that were later integrated into the urban fabric respect its original harmony.
The major achievements of the Nasrid Dynasty reflect a fabulous sense of sophistication; this is expressed even more in the city's decor and perspective views than in its architecture and its gardens. Other monuments dating to the same period are spread throughout the Albayzìn quarter; these include Casa de la Reina, Corral del Carbón, the court of the mosque which has become the San Salvador College and the first hermitage which was converted into the Church of San Sebastana. Adding to these monuments, houses with walled gardens make up the domestic architecture of this historic quarter.
Inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1984, the site of the Alhambra and the Generalife was extended to include the Albayzìn Quarter in 1994, in accordance with the existing criteria. The site includes unique artistic achievements. (I) It is an exceptional testimony of 14th-century Muslim Spain. (III) It offers an invaluable example of the royal Arab residences of the medieval period. (IV)
|Sr. Don José Torres Hurtado|
Alcalde de Granada
|Ayuntamiento de Granada|
Plaza del Carmen n° 5
+34.9.58 20 06 88
+34.9.58 20 74 56
|Sr. Mas Carlos|
Responsable Jurídico - Patrimonio Mundial
Calle Cuesta de Santa Inés,6
Granada, Granada, España
+34 958 20 06 88
+34 958 20 74 56