Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük
Location and site
Criterion (iii): Çatalhöyük provides a unique testimony to a moment of the Neolithic, in which the first agrarian settlements were established in central Anatolia and developed over centuries from villages to urban centres, largely based on egalitarian principles. The early principles of these settlements have been well preserved through the abandonment of the site for several millennia. These principles can be read in the urban plan, architectural structures, wall paintings and burial evidence. The stratigraphy of up to 18 settlement layers provides an exceptional testimony to the gradual development, re-shaping and expansion of the settlement.
Criterion (iv): The house clusters of Çatalhöyük, characterized by their streetless neighbourhoods, dwellings with roof access, and house types representing a highly circumscribed distribution of activity areas and features according to a clear spatial order aligned on cardinal directions, form an outstanding settlement type of the Neolithic period. The comparable sizes of the dwellings throughout the city illustrate an early type of urban layout based on community and egalitarian ideals.
Two hills form the 37 ha site on the Southern Anatolian Plateau. The taller eastern mound contains eighteen levels of Neolithic occupation between 7400 bc and 6200 bc, including wall paintings, reliefs, sculptures and other symbolic and artistic features. Together they testify to the evolution of social organization and cultural practices as humans adapted to a sedentary life. The western mound shows the evolution of cultural practices in the Chalcolithic period, from 6200 bc to 5200 bc. Çatalhöyük provides important evidence of the transition from settled villages to urban agglomeration, which was maintained in the same location for over 2,000 years. It features a unique streetless settlement of houses clustered back to back with roof access into the buildings.
|Mr. Ugur Ibrahim Altay|
|Konya Metropolitan Municipality|
Dis Iliskiler Daire Baskanligi Nisantas Mahallesi Vatan Caddesi No: 2
Konya, Selçuklu, Turkey
+90 332 221 14 05
|Mr. Selim Yücel Güleç|
Konya Metropolitan Municipality Head of Department of Foreign Relations
|Foreign Relations Department|
Konya Metropolitan Municipality
06531 Konya, Turkey
+0090 332 352 83 84
+0090 332 352 83 85
|Mr. Abdülmelik Ötegen|
Deputy General Secretary
|Metropolitan Municipality of Konya|
+90 332 221 14 11, +90 332 221 14 00