Querétaro, Mexico

Registration Year

1996

Registered Sector

Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro

Historical Function

Agricultural, industrial and commercial.

Administrative Status

Capital of the State of Querétaro.

Location and site

Querétaro is located north-west of Mexico City at an altitude of 1800 metres on a plateau delimited north and south by two lines of hills. The broad agricultural plain of the Bajio stretches out very close by. Seven kilometres away from the urban centre is an archaeological site dating back to the Teotihuacan period (400-600) and the Toltec period (650-1050).

Historical Reference

  • Inhabited by the Otomi, the future Querétaro fell into the hands of the Aztecs (1446) before being conquered by an Otomi chief named Charles V (1531). Soon after that a number of Spanish, Tarasco and Chichimeca people joined the Otomi and settled down there.
  • Because Querétaro was located near agricultural resources its role in the organization of the land of New Spain included providing supplies to the mining cities of Guanajuato and Zacatecas. It achieved the status of city in 1655 and reached a peak.
  • In the 18th century, the prosperity generated by the mining centres resulted in architectural developments inspired by the Baroque style in the city.
  • The independence of Mexico in 1810 was followed by economic decline in Querétaro and its region. Military confrontations continued.
  • The peace treaty with the United States was signed in Querétaro in 1848, which was then the seat of government. Furthermore Querétaro is where the emperor Maximilian de Habsbourg was taken and shot after the imperial army was defeated by the republican forces. After a reconstruction period, all the revolutionary groups (1917) signed the new national Constitution (which is still in force) in Querétaro.

Urban Morphology

The native district, in the east, and the Spanish district, in the west, are separated by a hill. The orientation of the chapel (La Cruz) built at the top of the hill as early as the 16th century was used as a reference for the more regular urban layout of the colonial district. This hill, which is now the site of a Franciscan monastery, and the Plaza de Armas are the main features of the urban framework. In the east part of the city, a magnificent aqueduct (1735) with its 74 arcades stretches for more than one kilometre.

The many churches and monasteries, the palaces and houses and the fountains make up a mainly Baroque architectural landscape. Inside these buildings the style is expressed even more freely as evidenced by the de Santa Clara and the de Santa Rosa monasteries with their Plateresque and Churrigueresque elements and by numerous enlarged or renovated monuments. In addition to the Baroque work neoclassical monuments or elements (end of the 18th century) can also be found.

Registration Criteria

(II) and (IV) to be completed.

Contact

Lic. Roberto Loyola Vera
Presidente Municipal
Municipio de Querétaro
Blvd. Bernardo Quintana #10000 Fracc. Centro Sur
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, México
76090
Tel:
+52.442 238.7700 Ext. 6001
Fax:

Email:
alcalde@municipiodequeretaro.gob.mx
Lic. Joel Perea Quiroz
Coordinador de Ciudades Patrimonio de la Humanidad; Gestor de Sitio UNESCO.
Instituto Municipal de Planeación del Municipio de Querétaro
Calle Vicente Guerrero 16 sur, centro histórico
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, México
76000
Tel:
+52 442 224 3723, Ext. 21.
Fax:
+52 442 212 1846
Email:
joelpereaqz@gmail.com
Dr. Enrique Rabell García
Director General
Instituto Municipal de Planeación - Municipio de Querétaro
Guerrero 16 sur, Centro Histórico
Querétaro, Qro., Mérico
76000
Tel:
(442) 214.06.41
Fax:
(442) 212.18.46
Email:
enrique.rabell@municipiodequeretaro.gob.mx
Lic. Carlos Alberto Zarate Burgos
Coordinador de Planes y Proyectos en el IMPLAN
Instituto Municipal de Planeación del Municipio de Querétaro
Calle Vicente Guerrero 16 sur, centro histórico.
Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, México
76000
Tel:
+52 442 214 0641
Fax:
+52 442 214 4713
Email:
carlos.zarate@municipiodequeretaro.gob.mx
Lic. Verónica Maccise Aguirre
Jefa de la Unidad de Asuntos Internacionales
Municipio de Querétaro
Blvd. Bernardo Quintana no. 10 000 Centro Sur Delegación Josefa Vergara y Hernández C.P. 76090
Querétaro, Querétaro, México
Tel:
+52.442 238.7757, +52.442 238.7700 ext. 6102
Fax:
+52.442 238.7781
Email:
veronica.maccise@municipiodequeretaro.gob.mx