• Año de inscripción

    2012

  • Sector inscrito

    Sitio neolítico de Çatalhöyük

Localización

Criterios de inscripción

Criterion (iii): Çatalhöyük provides a unique testimony to a moment of the Neolithic, in which the first agrarian settlements were established in central Anatolia and developed over centuries from villages to urban centres, largely based on egalitarian principles. The early principles of these settlements have been well preserved through the abandonment of the site for several millennia. These principles can be read in the urban plan, architectural structures, wall paintings and burial evidence. The stratigraphy of up to 18 settlement layers provides an exceptional testimony to the gradual development, re-shaping and expansion of the settlement.

Criterion (iv): The house clusters of Çatalhöyük, characterized by their streetless neighbourhoods, dwellings with roof access, and house types representing a highly circumscribed distribution of activity areas and features according to a clear spatial order aligned on cardinal directions, form an outstanding settlement type of the Neolithic period. The comparable sizes of the dwellings throughout the city illustrate an early type of urban layout based on community and egalitarian ideals.

Referencias históricas

Dos colinas forman este sitio del sur de la llanura de Anatolia, cuya superficie supera los 137.000 metros cuadrados. El mónticulo de mayor altura, situado al este, contiene huellas de 18 niveles de ocupación neolítica entre los años 7.400 y 6.200 a. de C., que incluyen pinturas murales, relieves, esculturas y otros rasgos simbólicos y artísticos. Juntos, atestiguan la evolución de la organización social y las prácticas culturales a medida que los humanos se adaptaron a la vida sedentaria. La colina occidental muestra la evolución de las prácticas culturales del Calcolítico (6.200 a 5.200 a. de C.). Çatalhöyük contiene vestigios importantes de la transición de pueblos a aglomeraciones urbanas que se mantuvieron en el mismo emplazamiento durante más de 2.000 años. Se trata de un conjunto único de casas agrupadas sin calles.

Mr. Ugur Ibrahim Altay
Mayor
Konya Metropolitan Municipality
Dis Iliskiler Daire Baskanligi Nisantas Mahallesi Vatan Caddesi No: 2
Konya, Selçuklu, Turkey
42060
Tel:
+90 332 221 14 05
Fax:

Email:
baskan@konya.bel.tr
Mr. Selim Yücel Güleç
Konya Metropolitan Municipality Head of Department of Foreign Relations
Foreign Relations Department
Konya Metropolitan Municipality
06531 Konya, Turkey
Tel:
+0090 332 352 83 84
Fax:
+0090 332 352 83 85
Email:
frd@konya.bel.tr
Mr. Abdülmelik Ötegen
Deputy General Secretary
Metropolitan Municipality of Konya

Konya, Turkey
Tel:
+90 332 221 14 11, +90 332 221 14 00
Fax:

Email:
a.otegen@konya.bel.tr