• Registration Year

    1993

  • Registered Sector

    Coro and its Port

  • Historical Function

    Trade and religion.

  • Administrative Status

    Capital of the State of Falcon.

Location and site

On the edge of the Caribbean Sea, Coro is situated on the western side of the Gulf of Coro and the Isthmus of Medanos. The natural port of La Vela which serves the city is close by.

Urban Morphology

The city and portuary village of Coro, which are linked to each other, have preserved the authenticity of their orginal configuration. As is the case in most colonial towns created in America during the 16th century, the streets of these two historic centres of flat relief meet each other at right angles. Many of the streets are covered with cobblestones.

Tiles, mud brick and the decoration of certain facades assure the harmony of the historic ensemble. The Spanish and Dutch influences remind us of Andalusia and of the West Indian presence. Adding to the city's individual monuments, the mud brick dwellings in the portuary village extend the architectural character of the city. The Coro Dunes national park, which is nearby, is also part of the protected site.

Registration Criteria

C (iv) (v) Not available.

Historical Reference

  • Coro is one of the first colonial capitals of the Venezuelan coast; it replaced the previous capital of Cumana in 1521.
  • Following the Visigoth invasion of 572, Córdoba became part of the dependency of Toledo, which was capital of unified Spain.
  • Seville controlled trade with America until the 18th century. The export of unfinished products via the Spanish maritime routes often took place from the port of Coro.
  • It was from Coro that the Christian faith was spread throughout the province. The seat of the first Bishop's Palace in South America was established there in 1531, and the municipality, which was created in 1529, attained the status of a city. The cathedral was erected in 1583.
  • In 1567, 1595 and 1659, Coro and La Vela were subjected to numerous attacks by pirates and privateers, and in 1681 they were hit by a cyclone. In the 18th century, the urban landscape was renewed.
  • After becoming the seat of the regional government of the Spanish Empire in 1776, Venezuela was made an "audience" in 1789. Caracas supplanted Cumano and Coro as capital city.
  • The slave revolt of 1795 disrupted Coro's agricultural economy. With the economic recovery that followed, the city regained its status as the seat of the governorat in 1812. Coro's original urban form is still apparent despite the signs of the destruction caused by the War of Independence.
Dr. Oswaldo Rodríguez León
Alcalde de Coro

Edificio del Ayuntamiento Avenida Miranda esquina con calle Urdaneta Zona ColonialSanta Ana de Coro
Coro, Estado Falcón, Venezuela
Tel:
+58-268-2521597
Fax:
+58.268 51.96.98
Email:
oswaldorodriguezleon@gmail.com
Dra. Mercedes Farías
Alcaldía del Municipio Miranda
Edificio del Ayuntamiento Avenida Miranda esquina con calle Urdaneta Zona ColonialSanta Ana de Coro
Coro, Estado Falcón, Venezuela
Tel:
+58-414-2991956
Fax:

Email: