• Registration Year


  • Registered Sector

    Old Town of Caceres

  • Historical Function


  • Administrative Status

    Capital of the Province of Caceres.

Location and site

Caceres was built on the summit of a hill in the vast peneplain of Estremadura. It is situated west of Toledo and at the same latitude, not far from the Tage River, near the Portuguese border.

Urban Morphology

The network of irregular medieval streets dating to the era of the Almohads is superimposed over surviving Roman axes. Narrow streets get narrower, or become wider, as they approach the squares. A trapezoidal wall of 1.2 km. length encloses the city. Originally laid out and constructed by the Romans, this wall was transformed by the Almohads who, in covering it with a harder pis‚, tailored it to Arab fortification principles.

Other than the fortifications, only a few of the monuments dating to the time of the first urban expansion of Caceres have survived. However, a large number of fortified buildings dating to its second expansion - palaces, towers and dwellings of stone - have been conserved, and these have been supplemented by palaces constructed following the expeditions to America.

Registration Criteria

"The walls of Caceres bear exceptional testimony to the fortifications built in Spain by the Almohads." (III) Caceres offers an example of a "city which was ruled from the 14th to 16th centuries by powerful rival factions; fortified houses, palaces and towers dominate its spatial organization. The example is unique because it "bears the traces of highly diverse and contradictory influences, such as Islamic art, Northern Gothic, Italian Renaissance, arts of the New World, etc." (IV)

Historical Reference

  • During the era of the Visigoths, the Roman colony of Norba Caesarina, founded on a site that was previously occupied by the Iberians, was a city of secondary importance.
  • In the 9th century, the Arabs seized this colony and named it Qasri, the citadel.
  • During the Reconquest, internal rivalry among the Christians led to new conflicts between Christians and Muslims. On four different occasions, the city was lost and reconquered. In the 12th century, under the Almohads from the Maghreb, major fortification work was carried out and there was a period of significant urban expansion. Caceres became the bridgehead of Islam.
  • En 1229, Alfonso IX, King of Leon, definitively captured the city from the Moors.
  • From the 14th century until the 16th century, with the end of the Reconquest, the arrival of the Hidalgos and the discovery of America, a number of monuments were erected in the feudal city.
Sra. Doña María Elena Nevado del Campo
Ayuntamiento de Cáceres
Plaza Mayor, s/n
10003 Cáceres, España
+34.927 25.57.02
+34.927 22.19.12
Sr. Javier Ruíz
Jefe de Urbanismo
Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Cáceres
Plaza Mayor, 1
10003 Cáceres, España
+ 34 927 25 57 30
+ 34 927 21 65 77
Cáceres: alzado noroeste noche
Cáceres: Aljibe
Cáceres: aljibe San Francisco Javier
Cáceres: alzado este general panoramico
Cáceres: alzado este huertas
Cáceres: alzado este parcial
Cáceres: alzado Galarza noche
Cáceres: Aldana arabe
Cáceres: Aguila
Cáceres: Adarve Padre Rosalio detalle
Cáceres: Adanero
Cáceres: Aldana
Cáceres: Aldana arabe
Cáceres: Adanero puerta
Cáceres: Adarve Santa Ana de noche
Cáceres: Aldana
Cáceres: arco estrella interior
Cáceres: alzado sur dia
Cáceres: alzado sur este desde camino alto fuente fria
Cáceres: ancha noche
Cáceres: arco cristo interior detalle
Cáceres: arco del cristo
Cáceres: arco del cristo general
Cáceres: arco del cristo silleria romana
Cáceres: arco estrella crepusculo
Cáceres: arco estrella exterior frontal
Cáceres: arco estrella exterior lateral
Cáceres: alzado norte
Cáceres: alzado norte 5 vista parcial
Cáceres: alzado norte
Cáceres: alzado norte noche detalle
Cáceres: alzado oeste a plaza mayor
Cáceres: alzado oeste desde bujaco
Cáceres: alzado oeste galarza nocturno general
Cáceres: alzado oeste parcial atardecer
Cáceres: caleros y ribera
Cáceres: carvajal balcones
Cáceres: carvajal esquina
Cáceres: casa azulejos san juan detalle
Cáceres: casa del sol fachada noche
Cáceres: casa grande
Cáceres: cigüeñas san mateo
Cáceres: cigueñas alineadas
Cáceres: Casa azulejos
Cáceres: bujaco nocturno
Cáceres: bujaco detalle viviendas
Cáceres: bujaco detalle matacan
Cáceres: bujaco desde plaza mayor detalle
Cáceres: bujaco
Cáceres: becerra