• Registration Year

    1990

  • Registered Sector

    Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments

  • Historical Function

    Politics, culture and industry.

  • Administrative Status

    Chief city of the Region of Saint Petersburg.

Location and site

In the Gulf of Finland, opening onto the Baltic Sea and Europe, Saint Petersburg (known as Leningrad from 1924 until 1991) was constructed on the marshy islands of the Neva Delta.

Urban Morphology

Three grand perspective axes which stretch across the canals and converge towards Leningrad's maritime facade and the Admiralty provided the base of the urban plan, which is organised, in the historic area, according to radiocentric forms.

In keeping with the wishes of Peter The Great, Saint Petersburg is a city of stone. Its monumental facades, many of which are topped with steeples and cupolas, line the water's edge, the esplanades and the wide avenues. This grandeur and splendour is enriched by an array of colours and styles that can be found nowhere else.

Registration Criteria

In the field of urban creation, Saint Petersburg represents an artistic achievement whose uniqueness is a result of the ambition of its programme, the coherence of its design, and the rapidity of its execution. (I) The ensembles created by Rastrelli, Vallin de la Mothe, Cameron, Rinaldi and Zakharov exercised, in the 18th and 19th centuries, a considerable influence on Russian and Finnish space. (II) The proposed cultural property associates eminent examples of imperial Baroque residences with the architectural ensemble of Saint Petersburg, a Baroque and Neoclassical capital par excellence. (IV) Saint Petersburg is associated with two events of universal importance: the opening and emergence of the empire and the Bolshevik Revolution. (VI)

Historical Reference

  • Saint Petersburg (later Leningrad) was constructed over a 20-year period by Peter The Great. His project began with the capture of the Swedish fortress of Noteborg at the beginning of the War of the North in 1703. Shortly afterwards, the fortress of Peter-and Paul and the fortress of Kronstadt were erected, and the Admiralty was constructed in 1705. The 1709 victory of Poltava, which put an end to Swedish hegemony on the Baltic Sea, marked a turning point in Saint Petersburg's history. The city, which was constructed on a marshy site according to the plan of Alexandre Leblond, became the capital of modern Russia, a status it maintained until 1918.
  • The reign of Peter The Great (1689-1725) was marked by economic development, expansion towards the seas and opening of European relations. Saint Peterburg was at that time a major port.
  • The monumental project of the tsar was continued in the 18th century, particularly under the rule of Catherine II, and the 19th century. Numerous foreign architects made contributions to Leningrad's urban landscpe during this era.
  • Saint Petersburg became an industrial centre, as well as a theatre for important political events, notably the October Revolution.

Georgy Poltavchenko

Mayor of St. Petersburg

Mr. Georgy Poltavchenko
Governor
Government of St. Petersburg
Smolny
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
191060
Tel:
+7 812 5764501
Fax:
+7 812 5767827
Email:
gov@gov.spb.ru
Mr. Evgeny Grigoriev
Chairman
Committee for the external relations, Government of Saint Petersburg
Smolny
Saint Petersburg, Russia, Federation of Russia
191060
Tel:
8 (812) 5767204
Fax:
8 (812) 5767633
Email:
kvs@gov.spb.ru
Mr. Sergey Makarov
Chairman
Committee for the state preservation of cultural and historical monuments
Lomonosov square, 1
St-Petersburg, Russia, Russian Federation
191023
Tel:
8 (812) 3154303
Fax:
8 (812) 7104245
Email:
kgiop@gov.spb.ru
Ms. Olesia Orlova
Specialist
Committee for the state preservation of cultural and historical monuments

Government of Saint Petersburg,
Tel:
89214283208
Fax:

Email:
olesyaorl@yandex.ru
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of the Saviour-on-the-Blood
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia
St-Petersburg: Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia
St-Peterbourg: Palace Square and Alexander Column
St-Petersburg: Church of the Savior on Blood
St-Petersburg: Saint Isaac's Cathedral
St-Petersburg: Church of the Savior on Blood
St-Petersburg: Church of the Savior on Blood
St-Petersburg: Church of the Savior on Blood
St-Petersburg: Sculpture detail
St-Petersburg: Kazan Cathedral
St-Petersburg: Hermitage Museum
St.Peterburg_PalaceSquare
Architect Rossi street
Palace bridge across the Neva river
Voznesensky Prospect
Griboyedov Canal
View of the Winter canal and the Hermitage Theatre near the Neva
Cathedral of Smolny Convent
The Palace Square
University Embankment
“The Neva wave’s regal procession…”
Kazan Cathedral
The Palace square. View on the St. Isaac’s cathedral
Emperor Peter the Great Bridge (Bolsheokhtinsky Bridge)
Pavlovsk palace
Temple of Friendship (Pavlovsk)
Pavlovsk park
The monument of the Emperor Paul I in front of the Gatchina palace
View of the Gatchina palace
Spit of Vasilyevsky island
Moika Embankment
Griboyedov Canal. Near the Church of the Savior on spilled Blood
The Summer Garden
View of St. Nicholas Cathedral
Water tower of plant “Krasnyi Gvozdilshchik (Red Nailer)”
“Standart” of Peter the Great on the Neva
The Catherine Garden at Ostrovsky Square
St. Isaac’s cathedral
View of the Moika River from the Potseluev Bridge
“Three rays”: Nevsky Prospect, Gorokhovaya Street, Voznesensky Prospect
View on the Peter and Paul Fortress from the Palace Embankment
Angliyskaya Embankment