Warsaw city provides a rather extreme example of resilience in an urban context. The reconstruction process demonstrates a special definition of resilience. During World War II more than 85 % of the historical city fabric was devastated. One would ask if the city could really be resilient in the face of such large-scale destruction. In this case the reconstruction of Warsaw shows its ability to withstand damages and adapt to change, propping herself up and achieving its past beauty again.
Theme(s): 
Enhancing urban resilience through governance and civil society engagement