Warsaw city provides a rather extreme example of resilience in an urban context. The reconstruction process demonstrates a special definition of resilience. During World War II more than 85 % of the historical city fabric was devastated. One would ask if the city could really be resilient in the face of such large-scale destruction. In this case the reconstruction of Warsaw shows its ability to withstand damages and adapt to change, propping herself up and achieving its past beauty again.
Enhancing urban resilience through governance and civil society engagement