• Registration Year

    1983

  • Registered Sector

    Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

  • Historical Function

    Defense and trade.

  • Administrative Status

    Chief city of the Island of Terceira.

Location and site

Angra do Heroísmo, situated in the middle of the Azores archipelago in the heart of the Atlantic, is protected from prevailing winds by a series of hills. Opening on to two natural bays of the Island of Terceira, it was on the transoceanic sailing route.

Urban Morphology

The layout of the principal streets leading to the port dates to the 16th century, around the time when Angra do Heroísmo was founded. The rectilinear plan is unique in its ability to adapt, through the reorientation of streets, to the direction of the prevailing winds.

The small city has the appearance of a Portuguese trading post. Two forts, San Sebastiao (end of 16th cetury) and São João Baptista (16th-17th centuries), frame its port zone. Numerous monuments (churches and convents) of Baroque inspiration, dating from the 16th and 17th centuries, make up a dense urban fabric. Two-storey dwellings with painted wood balconies exemplify Brazil's Portuguese architectural heritage.

Registration Criteria

C (iv) (vi)

Historical Reference

  • The discovery of the Azores, like that of Madeira and Cape Verde Islands, took place under the Aviz Dynasty of Portugal during the great maritime expeditions led by Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460).
  • In the 15th century, the Kingdom of Portugal rerouted the gold trade, which had followed the caravan routes of the Sahara, to the Atlantic Ocean. Early in the next century, the Asiatic ports of Goa and Melaka were taken over by the Portuguese in 1510 and 1511 respectively.
  • From the time of its foundation, the double port of Angra do Heroísmo was fortified. During the period of intercontinental European expansion and emigration to the New World, its oceanic port possessed major strategic importance. Brazil was discovered in 1500.
  • In 1534, Angra do Heroísmo attained the status of a city and was named the Episcopal Seat of the Azores.
  • After advances in navigation about two centuries ago led to the loss of Angra do Heroísmo's role as a port of call, its urban landscape ceased to evolve.
Mr. José Gabriel do Álamo Meneses
Mayor
Hôtel de ville d'Angra do Heroismo
Praça Velha
9701- 857 Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal
Tel:
+351.295 212 105
Fax:
+351.295 212 662
Email:
presidencia@cmah.pt
Ms. Raquel Caetano Ferreira
Deputy
City Hall of Angra do Heroismo
Praça Velha
Angra do Heroismo, Açores, Portugal
Tel:
+351.295 401 704/5
Fax:
+351.295 212 662
Email:
raquel.ferreira@cmah.pt