• Registration Year

    1983

  • Registered Sector

    City of Cusco

  • Historical Function

    Administration and trade.

Location and site

At an altitude of 3,400 m. above sea level, the city of Cusco is situated in a fertile valley of the East Andes.

Urban Morphology

Despite its relief, the Inca capital was organised according to an orthogonal plan. The rectilinear layout and the central square, which provided the point of departure for the four routes that linked Cusco to the provinces of the Empire, reflected the Renaissance urban planning principles that were applied to the design of the cities of the New World. In the 16th century, the new urban planners superimposed the Plaza de Armas on the Inca square; their work also preserved the other urban squares and the Inca street grid.

Under the Incas, Cusco was a town with squares bordered by facades of massive stone. The colonists preserved the base of masonry buildings and surmounted them with new structures; the numerous narrow flagstone streets running between two walls of Inca masonry are like corridors of stone. Baroque and Metis churches with cupolas border the urban squares. Further from the centre, the neighbourhoods are composed of low residential buildings with whitewashed facades.

Registration Criteria

Criteria III and IV are cited without details.

Historical Reference

  • After a series of wars and conquests, the vast Inca Empire eventually reached its peak. Cusco, the capital and holy city of the Empire, was reconstructed. Its social organisation, which was very hierarchical, is reflected in the layout of this ideal city.
  • The Conquistadors took over Cusco in 1536. After years of civil war, the city was incorporated, at the same time as Potosi, into the vice-monarchy of Peru, of which Lima was the capital. A period of urban development, during which the Inca layout of Cuzco was preserved, followed.
  • In the 17th century, the economy of Cusco, which relied on the Potosi mines, prospered. In 1650, however, it was devastated by an earthquake, and reconstruction followed in 1670. The majority of Cuzco's present-day monuments date to this period.
  • In 1790, the entire city was occupied. After this, Cusco experienced rapid economic decline while Lima, which was also linked to the Potosi mines, enjoyed growing prosperity.
Econ. Luis Arturo Florez Garcia
Alcalde
Municipalidad del Cusco
Palacio Municipal del Cusco Plaza Cusipata s/n
Cusco, Perú
Tel:
+51.84 227152
Fax:
+51.84 226701
Email:
luis.florez@municusco.gob.pe
Lic. Silvia Uscamaita Otárola
Teniente Alcaldesa
Municipalidad del Cusco
Palacio Municipal del Cusco Plaza Cusipata s/n
Cusco, Perú
Tel:
084 232714
Fax:
084 226701
Email:
silvia.uscamaita@municusco.gob.pe
Arq. Crayla Alfaro Aucca
SubGerente de Gestión del Centro Histórico de Cusco
Honorable Municipalidad de Cusco
Plaza Cusipata S/N Calle Pumacurco Nro. 470 Centro Historico de Cusco
Cusco, Cusco, Perú
51
Tel:
+51 84 222300
Fax:
+51 84 984106323
Email:
craylaa@hotmail.com
Cusco: Casa de las Sierpes
Cusco: Portada Inka de doble jamba, en una de las calles del Cusco antiguo
Cusco: Plaza de Armas del Cusco
Cusco: Vista panorámica de los baluartes que conforman el Templo de Saqsaywaman, dedicado al Rayo (Illapa) y al Sol
Cusco: El Pututero es la persona que sopla el pututu, una trompeta hecha de una caracola marina, cuyo ulular grave y solemne acompaña el paso de las divinidades andinas durantes las festividades en el Cusco
Cusco: Arquitectura de la Catedral del Cusco
Cusco: Danzas costumbristas en su paso por las calles del Cusco
Cusco: Las literas del Inka en su paso por las calles de la ciudad, en a festividad del Inti Raymi /(Fiesta del SOl), durante el Solsticio de invierno
Cusco: Torre del lado de la Epístola de la Catedral del Cusco
Cusco: Vista panorámica del Cusco, Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad
Cusco: Vista de la Calle Sunturwasi, a un costado del templo del Triunfo
Cusco: Vista panorámica de la Plazoleta de San Pedro, uno de los principales barrios del Centro Histórico del Cusco
Cusco: Sobre las estructuras prehispánicas del Qorikancha -el principal Templo dedicado al Sol-, se levanta el Templo y Convento de Santo Domingo de Guzmán
Cusco: Templo de San Cristóbal, edificado sobre el sector Inka denominado Qollqanpata (Colcampata)
Cusco: El Centro Histórico del Cusco, divisado desde el suroccidente
Cusco: Torre del lado del Evagelio, del Templo de  la Compañía de Jesús en el Cusco
Cusco: Imagen escultórica del Patrón jurado del Cusco: el SEÑOR DE LOS TEMBLORES, venerada escultura que se guarda en los recintos de la Catedral. Representa al Dios Wiraqocha, como divinidad vnculada a los sismos en el mundo Andino
Cusco: Vista de los monumentos que circundan a la Plaza de Armas del Cusco. A la izquierda, la torre de la Compañía de Jesús; a la derecha, la Basílica Catedral
Cusco: Plaza de Armas del Cusco, antigua explanada sagrada Awkaypata de los Inkas. En el mundo andino prehispánico, esta Plaza fue muy venerada en todo el Tawantinsuyo
Cusco: Conjunto de la Catedral del Cusco
Cusco: La Virgen Purificada, en la procesión de la octava de Corpus Christ
Cusco: Cargadores de las andas del Patrón San Cristóbal, durante la festividad del Corpus Christi en el Cusco
Cusco: Primer claustro del Convento de La Merced del Cusco
Cusco: Cargadores del anda del Patrón San Sebastián, durante la festividad del Corpus Christi
Cusco: Catedral
Cusco: Plaza de Armas