• Registration Year

    1999

  • Registered Sector

    Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder)

  • Historical Function

    Agricultural

  • Administrative Status

    Municipality at the northwest of Netherlands

Location and site

The Beemster Polder, dating from the early 17th century, is is an exceptional example of reclaimed land in the Netherlands. It has preserved intact its well-ordered landscape of fields, roads, canals, dykes and settlements, laid out in accordance with classical and Renaissance planning principles.

Urban Morphology

The polder was laid out in a rational geometric pattern, developed in accordance with the principles of classical and Renaissance planning. This mathematical land division was based on a system of squares forming a rectangle with the ideal dimensional ratio of 2:3. A series of oblong lots, measuring 180 metres by 900 metres, form the basic dimensions of the allotments. Five of these lots make up a unit, a module of 900 metres by 900 metres, and four units create a larger square. The pattern of roads and watercourses runs north to south and east to west, with buildings along the roads. The short sides of the lots are connected by drainage canals and access roads. The polder itself followed the outline of the lake, and the direction of the squares corresponds as much as possible with the former shoreline, so as to avoid creating unusable lots.

Registration Criteria

Criterion (i): The Beemster Polder is a masterpiece of creative planning, in which the ideals of antiquity and the Renaissance were applied to the design of a reclaimed landscape.

Criterion (ii): The innovative and intellectually imaginative landscape of the Beemster Polder had a profound and lasting impact on reclamation projects in Europe and beyond.

Criterion (iv): The creation of the Beemster Polder marks a major step forward in the interrelationship between humankind and water at a crucial period of social and economic expansion.

Historical Reference

The Beemster Polder is a cultural landscape located north of Amsterdam, dating from the early 17th century, and an exceptional example of reclaimed land in the Netherlands. It was created by the draining of Lake Beemster in 1612, in order to develop new agricultural land and space for country residences, and to combat flooding in this low-lying region. It also provided a means for capital investment in land. Other earlier land reclamation had taken place, but technical improvements in windmill technology permitted more ambitious undertakings. The Beemster Polder was the first large project covering an area of 7,208 hectares. Today it is a well-ordered agricultural landscape of fields, roads, canals, dykes and settlements.

Ms. Joyce A.J.M. van Beek

Mayor of Beemster

Ms. Joyce (A.J.M) van Beek
Mayor
City of Beemster
Rijn Middelburgstraat 1
1462 NV Beemster, Noord-Holland, The Netherlands
Tel:
0031 299 68 21 00
Fax:

Email:
BestuursSecretariaat@Beemster.net
Ms. Janneke van Dijk
Policy Official World Heritage
City of Beemster
Rijn Middelburgstraat 1
1462 NV Middenbeemster, Noord-Holland, The Netherlands
Tel:
0031.299.452.151
Fax:

Email:
j.v.dijk@purmerend.nl
Beemster: Farm, named ‘de Eenhoorn”, build in 1682. Detail of the south wall: a combination of wood and bricks.
Beemster: country home named ‘Rustenhove”, build in 1768. Volgerweg 28 Middenbeemster
Beemster: Stolp farm build early 1900. The pyramids of the stolp farms fit the landscape remarkably well. Volgerweg  Westbeemster
Beemster: part of the ‘Stelling van Amsterdam”(Defence line of Amsterdam) the fort trench and a view over the landscape of the polder the Beemster. Westdijk 41 Westbeemster
Beemster: Farm, named ‘de Eenhoorn”, build in 1682. Rich decorated. Middenweg 196 Middenbeemster
Beemster: country house named ‘Boschrijk”. Jisperweg 29 Westbeemster
Beemster: Westdijk landscape in spring bulbs
Beemster: Noorddijk landscape in autum
Beemster: Noorddijk landscape in autum
Beemster: Volgerweg
Beemster: Volgerweg landscapein spring
Beemster: Vrouwenweg
Beemster: Westdijk landscapein winter
Beemster: Hobrederweg landscpae in winter
Beemster: Middenweg farmhouses
Beemster: Vrouwenweg landscape in summer
Beemster: Rijperweg oldhouses
Beemster: Hobrederweg landscape in autum
Beemster: Westdijk landscape westbeemster
Beemster: Hobrederweg landscape in autum
Beemster: Middenweg landscpae in spring
Beemster: Volgerweg landscape spring
Beemster: Zuiddijk in landscape in summer
Beemster: Oostdijk landscpae in summer
Beemster: Middenweg eenhoorn built in 1682
Beemster: Jisperweg
Beemster: Wetsdijk fort spijkerboor
Beemster: Volgerweg landscape in spring
Beemster: Rijperweg landscape in autum
Beemster: Volgerweg westdijk
Beemster: Volgerweg landscape in autum