• Registration Year

    2008

  • Registered Sector

    Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

  • Historical Function

    Protective and religious

  • Administrative Status

    City of the State of Guanajuato

Location and site

The fortified town, first established in the 16th century to protect the Royal Route inland, reached its apogee in the 18th century when many of its outstanding religious and civic buildings were built in the style of the Mexican Baroque. Some of these buildings are masterpieces of the style that evolved in the transition from Baroque to neoclassical. Situated 14 km from the town, the Jesuit sanctuary, also dating from the 18th century, is one of the finest examples of Baroque art and architecture in the New Spain. It consists of a large church, and several smaller chapels, all decorated with oil paintings by Rodriguez Juárez and mural paintings by Miguel Antonio Martínez de Pocasangre. Because of its location, San Miguel de Allende acted as a melting pot where Spaniards, Creoles and Amerindians exchanged cultural influences while the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco constitutes an exceptional example of the exchange between European and Latin American cultures. Its architecture and interior decoration testify to the influence of Saint Ignacio de Loyola’s doctrine.

Registration Criteria

Criterion (ii): San Miguel de Allende constitutes an exceptional example of the interchange of human values; due to its location and functions, the town acted as a melting pot where Spaniards, Creoles and Amerindians exchanged cultural influences, something reflected in the tangible and intangible heritage. The Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco constitutes an exceptional example of the cultural exchange between European and Latin American cultures; the architectural disposition and interior decoration testify to the interpretation and adaptation of the doctrine of Saint Ignacio de Loyola to this specific regional context.

 Criterion (iv): San Miguel de Allende is an exceptional example of the integration of different architectural trends and styles on the basis of a 16th century urban layout. Religious and civil architecture exhibit the evolution of different styles, well integrated into a homogeneous urban landscape. Urban mansions are exceptionally large and rich for a medium-size Latin American town. The Sanctuary of Atotonilco is an outstanding example of a specific religious settlement, containing exceptional decoration that makes it a masterpiece of Mexican Baroque.

Historical Reference

San Miguel de Allende is an early example of a rational territorial and urban development in the Americas, related to the protection of one of the main Spanish inland roads. The town flourished in the 18th century with the construction of significant religious and civil architecture, which exhibits the evolution of different trends and styles, from Baroque to late 19th century Neo-Gothic. Urban mansions are exceptionally large and rich for a medium-size Latin American town and constitute an example of the transition from Baroque to Neo-Classic. The Sanctuary of Atotonilco is a remarkable architectural complex that illustrates a specific response, inspired by the doctrine of Saint Ignacio de Loyola. Its interior decoration, especially mural painting, makes the Sanctuary a masterpiece of Mexican Baroque. Both the town and the Sanctuary, intimately linked, played a significant role in the process of Mexican independence, with impacts throughout Latin America.

 

More information about San Miguel de Allende here! 

Sr. Luis Alberto Villarreal García
Presidente Municipal
Municipio de San Miguel de Allende
Boulevard de la Conspiración, no 130 S/Colonia
San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, México
37748
Tel:
52 415 152 9600 Ext. 136, 249
Fax:
52 415 120 45 28
Email:
Sr. Francisco Gerardo Correa Yáñez
Coordinador de Relaciones Internacionales
Presidencia Municipal de San Miguel de Allende
Edificio Administrativo Blvd. De la conspiración 130
San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, México
37748
Tel:
+52 415 152 9639
Fax:
+52 415 120 4528
Email:
Sr. Ángel Gastelum Cadena
Director de Patrimonio Cultural y Planeación Sustentable
Municipio de San Miguel de Allende

San Miguel de Allende, México
Tel:

Fax:

Email:
dir.patrimonioyplaneacion@gmail.com
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