The “Free and Hanseatic City” of Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and the ninth largest city in the European Union. The role of the city as a major trading centre is related to its favorable economic-geographic location, which makes Hamburg the second largest port in Europe and the tenth worldwide, and a major transport hub and junction of North Germany and North Europe. Urban heritage in Hamburg is thus strictly related to its harbor identity made of warehouse districts and port architectures, and the main regeneration activities undergone in the city relate to the re-integration of port and water into the city. By the project for HafenCity — one of the largest European transformation actions of the 21st century — Hamburg provides an example of the use and interpretation of architecture as a means to foster urban identity in regeneration processes.
Credit : Enrico Fontanari et al. (dir.), Global Report Culture and Sustainable Urban Development: Regional Report on Urban Conservation and Regeneration in Europe, UNESCO and IUAV, 2015, Annexes 1 p. 40-48.