• Registration Year

    1983

  • Registered Sector

    Ancient City of Nessebar

  • Historical Function

    Defense.

  • Regional Secretariat
    Eastern and Central Europe

Location and site

Nessebar (formerly Mesambria of the Thracians then Messembria of the Greeks) is confined to a rocky promontory of a peninsula on the Bulgarian coast at the edge of the Black Sea.

Urban Morphology

The vestiges of a Greek fortification, with their towers of dressed limestone dating to the 6th century B.C., are found at the entrance of a natural defense site, which is 800 m. x 300 m. in area and possesses small squares and narrow, sinuous streets. The city's wooden vernacular architecture, which is enriched by dressed stone elements and decorated with ceramics, dates to the Bulgarian Renaissance of the 18th and 19th centuries. It creates a harmonious ensemble with Nessebar's older monuments, including churches and chapels constructed during the Byzantine et Bulgarian Medieval era; these are clad in comfortable combinations of brick and stone.

Registration Criteria

The Old City of Nessebar "bears testimony to several civilizations which have disappeared. (III) It "has illustrated, on several occasions, the significant historic position of a frontier city on the outposts of a threatened empire." (IV)

Historical Reference

  • Menebria was inhabited by the Thracians from the 12th until the 6th century B.C. It was the site of one of the oldest settlements on the Black Sea.
  • Messembria became a Greek colony around 510 B.C., and constitutes one of the oldest such colonies of the Pontus-Euxinus (the present-day Black Sea).
  • In 72 A.D., Messembria went under the influence of Imperial Rome.
  • Following the division of the Roman Empire in 395, it became an important stronghold of the Byzantine Empire.
  • The First Kingdom of Bulgaria was at its peak between 812 and 927. Over the course of the following centuries, the city was alternatively under Greek and Bulgarian rule.
  • Messembria, later known as Misivri, was annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1453, the year that Constantinople was captured. It remained under Turkish domination until 1878.
Mr. Nikolay Dimitrov
Mayor
Nessebar Municipality
10 Edelvais Street
8230 Nessebar, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359.554 29370
Fax:
+359.554 29376
Email:
mer@nesebar.bg
Mr. Zlatin Petrov
Head of Department
Department of Cultural Heritage
Otez Paisii str. 46
8230 Nessebar, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359 554 43074
Fax:

Email:
nsn2012@abv.bg
Mr. Bojin Djinkov
Board member
Community house "Chitalishte Mesemvria 2015"
ul. Mesembrija 19
BG-8230 Nesebar, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359(0)884668382
Fax:

Email:
mesemvria2015@gmail.com
Mr. Tofov Marvakov
Director
Archaeological museum of Nessebar
2A Messembria Street
8230 Nessebar, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359 878 402911
Fax:
+359 554 46018
Email:
tmarvakov@abv.bg
Ms. Maria Gancheva
Expert
Department of Communications
Edelvais str. 10
8230 Nessebar, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359 554 29366
Fax:

Email:
pr@nesebar.bg
Nessebar: Frescoes inside St Spass church - year 1609
Nessebar: St Archangels Michael and Gabriel - end of the 13th century
Nessebar: The isthmus connecting the Old town with the mainland
Nessebar: Old Nessebar viewed from the New town
Nessebar: Basilica of St. Sophia (The Old Bishopric) - second half of the 5th century
Nessebar: St John Aliturgetus (Unconsecrated) - 14th century