Location and site
Weimar is part of the free state of Thuringia, located in the geographical centre of Germany. The city is located at the edge of the Thuringian Forest, along the Illm River.
The “classical Weimar” inscribed on the World Heritage List consists of twelve buildings or distinct ensembles scattered around the city. As the Weimar Classicism includes ducal and bourgeois influences, among registered buildings are, on the one hand, private homes and on the other hand, ensembles belonging to the nobility. Goethe’s house, which became a museum in 1885, and the house of Schiller were built in the eighteenth century in the style of the late Baroque and kept their original furniture. They are fine examples of bourgeois architecture and illustrate with their beautiful inside the spirit of the German classical period.
Criterion (iii): The high artistic quality of the public and private buildings and parks in and around the town testify to the remarkable cultural flowering of the Weimar Classical Period.
Criterion (vi): Enlightened ducal patronage attracted many of the leading writers and thinkers in Germany, such as Goethe, Schiller, and Herder to Weimar in the late 18th and early 19th century, making it the cultural centre of the Europe of the day.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the small Thuringian town of Weimar witnessed a remarkable cultural flowering, attracting many writers and scholars, notably Goethe and Schiller. This development is reflected in the high quality of many of the buildings and of the parks in the surrounding area.