Cartagena, Colombia

General Information

Regional secretariat

None

Administrative status

Chief city of Bolivar.

Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena

Registration Year

1984

Historical reference

Defense and port.

Location and site

On the southwest shore of the Caribbean Sea and in the Gulf of Darien, a group of low islands, canals, lagunae and bays make up the port site of Cartagena, with its excellent conditions for mooring.

Urban morphology

The fortified ensemble is in the form of a triangle. Its plan is characteristic of many colonial cities of the New World; its rectilinear street grid is interrupted by gaps and irregularities, in particular at the level of the city gates. As is common, oblique lines are superimposed on the base grid.

The foreground of the city is dominated by the Bastion of Santo Domingo, which points towards the sea. The fortified enclosure is laid over the quasi-amphibian space. The Baroque facades of numerous palaces and churches are spread out and balconies overlook the narrow streets.

Registration criteria

“Cartagena is an eminent example of the military architecture of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, the most extensive in the New World and, at present, one of the most complete.” (IV) “Catagena, together with La Havana and San Juan de Porto Rico (already included in the World Heritage List), was an essential way station in the West Indies.” (VI)

Historical reference

  • Cartagena was founded by the Spaniard Pedra de Heredia following the exploration of the Pacific coast in 1522 and that of the Gulf of Darien in 1525, about a decade after the crossing of the Isthmus of Panama and the discovery of the Pacific in 1513.
  • The city is on the route to the West Indies. It very quickly became a bridgehead and at the same time a crossroads for the Conquistadors.
  • About 50 years after its foundation, following pirate attacks and repeated assaults, the military engineer Antonelli was asked by the king to build a fortification wall for the site. The initial construction was made up of an urban enclosure, the San Felipe tower and the Bastion gate of San Matias. In the 18th century, numerous forts were added to control all access points to the port; the fortification wall system has thus been conserved.
  • In 1719, New Granada, which also included Venezuela and Ecuador, became an independent vice-monarchy. Its rich herbs continued to interest Spain.

Photos

Contact

Sr. Manuel Vicente De Jesus Duque Vásquez

Alcalde de Cartagena
Alcaldia de Cartagena

Centro Diagonal 30 No 30-78 Plaza de la Aduana
Cartagena, Colombia

+(57)5 6517200 / 6501092
alcalde@cartagena.gov.co

Sra. Bertha Lucia Arnedo Redondo

Directora del Instituto de Patrimonio y Cultura de Cartagena
Instituto de Patrimonio y Cultura de Cartagena

Getsemaní, Calle Larga N° 9A-47 con Callejón Walter
Cartagena de Indias, Colombie

(57) + 5 664 9443 / 664 5499
luciaarnedo@hotmail.com

Sr. Alfonso Rafael Cabrera Cruz

Jefe División de Patrimonio Cultural
Instituto de Patrimonio y Cultura de Cartagena

Getsemaní, Calle Larga N° 9A-47 con Callejón Walter
Cartagena, Colombia

3008183257 / (57) + 5 664 9443 / 664 5499
alcacu@hotmail.com